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Science:“人类活动暂停”,让麻雀的鸣叫声更加性感

2020-09-28 09:31:42生物谷
核心提示:根据一项新的研究,随着美国旧金山市的街道在COVID-19流行病的头几个月中被清空,该市的雄性鸟类开始更柔和地唱歌,并提高了它们的发声范围,以便使得它们对雌性鸟类“更性感”。

  GENJUYIXIANGXINDEYANJIU,SUIZHEMEIGUOJIUJINSHANSHIDEJIEDAOZAICOVID-19LIUXINGBINGDETOUJIGEYUEZHONGBEIQINGKONG,GAISHIDEXIONGXINGNIAOLEIKAISHIGENGROUHEDICHANGGE,BINGTIGAOLETAMENDEFASHENGFANWEI,YIBIANSHIDETAMENDUICIXINGNIAOLEI“GENGXINGGAN”。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOYU2020NIAN9YUE24RIZAIXIANFABIAOZAIScienceQIKANSHANG,LUNWENBIAOTIWEI“Singing in a silent spring: Birds respond to a half-century soundscape reversion during the COVID-19 shutdown”。

  BULUNSHIZHEIPIANLUNWENHAISHIZHIQIANDEDALIANGYANJIU,JUNMIAOSHULEDONGWU--CONGJINGYUDAOJIAOLANGDAOZHEIPIANLUNWENYANJIUDEBAIGUANMAQUE(white-crowned sparrow)--RUHERANGTAMENDEXINGWEISHIYINGCOVID-19FENGSUO,ZHEIZHONGFENGSUOPOSHIRENLEICHETUIDAOTAMENDEJIALI,ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGBEICHENGWEI“RENLEIHUODONGZANTING(anthropause)”。

  LUNWENTONGXUNZUOZHE、MEIGUOTIANNAXIDAXUEXINGWEISHENGTAIXUEJIAElizabeth DerryberrySHUO,“DANGJIUJINSHANSHIHENCHAODESHIHOU,TAMENDEGESHENGZHENDIHENXIANGLIANG。”

  DANSHI,TASHUO,SUIZHEJINNIANCHUNTIANQUANZHOUFANWEINEIDE“JIUDIBINAN(shelter-in-place)”MINGLINGDESHISHI,JIAOTONGXIANRUTINGDUN,ZAOYINSHUIPINGXIAJIANGLE50%。ZHEIXIEYANJIURENYUANFAXIANJIUJINSHANJINMENDAQIAOSHANGDECHELIANGSHULIANGJISUXIAJIANGDAO1954NIANDESHUIPING。

  TAMENJIANGQIANJINIANSHOUJIDAODENIAOMINGSHUJUYU2020NIAN4YUEZHI5YUEZAITONGYIDIDIANLUZHIDENIAOLEIJIAOSHENGJINXINGLEBIJIAO,FAXIANMAQUERUJINDEMINGJIAOYAOANJINGDEDUO,BINGQIENENGGOUFACHUDIDEDUODEYINDIAO,ZHEIFANGUOLAIYOUKUODALETAMENDEYINYU,TIGAOLETAMENDEZHENGTIBIAOXIAN。

  XIANGXIANGYIXIA,QUPENGYOUJIACANJIAJUHUI:ZAIWANHUIKAISHISHI,NIYIZHENGCHANGDEYINLIANGSHUOHUA,DANSUIZHEZHEILIDERENMANWEIHUAN,NIBIXUTIGAONIDESHENGYINCAINENGBEIRENTINGDAO。

  DerryberrySHUO,“DANGNIZAIJIWEIJIUHUISHANGDAHANDAJIAOSHI,NIDESHENGYINJIUBUZAIZUIJIAZHUANGTAILE。”TABUCHONGDAO,DUIYUNIAOLEILAISHUOYESHIRUCI。

  TASHUO,SUIZHEZAOYINWURANDEJIANSHAO,“TAMENDEGESHENGYEGENGHAOTING,TAMENTINGQILAIGENGXINGGAN。TAMENSHIGENGHAODEJINGZHENGDUISHOU,TAMENTINGQILAIXIANGSHICIXINGNIAOLEIDEGENGHAOBANLV。”

  ZHEIXIEYANJIURENYUANCHIJINGDIFAXIANTAMENDEGESHENGYINLIANGJIHUXIAJIANGLESANFENZHIYI。BUGUO,JINGUANRUCI,YUFENGSUOQIANXIANGBI,BAIGUANMAQUEDEJIJIUTIJIAOZAILIANGBEIYUANDEDIFANGRENGNENGTINGDAO,ZHEIYUNIAOMINGDUIRENLEILAISHUOBIANDEGENGJIAXIANYANDECHUANWENXIANGWENHE。

  ZHEIXIEYANJIURENYUANSHUO,TAMENDEYANJIUBIAOMING,NIAOLEIKEYIRUCIKUAISUDISHIYINGBUDUANBIANHUADEHUANJING,BINGZHICHUZHAODAOZHANGQIDEJIEJUEFANGANLAIEZHIZAOSHENGWURAN,KENENGHUIDAILAIQITAJIJIDEJIEGUO,BIRUGENGGAODEWUZHONGDUOYANGXING。(SHENGWUGU Bioon.com)

  CANKAOZILIAO:

  1.Elizabeth P. Derryberry et al. Singing in a silent spring: Birds respond to a half-century soundscape reversion during the COVID-19 shutdown. Science, 2020, doi:10.1126/science.abd5777.

  2.Singing sexy back: How sparrows adapted to COVID-19 shutdown

  https://phys.org/news/2020-09-sexy-sparrows-covid-shutdown.html

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